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Mpox, previously known as monkeypox, belongs to the family of viruses that cause smallpox. The first Mpox human case was recorded in 1970. Mpox can infect anyone, and its transmission is primarily linked to behaviors rather than communities or identities. Symptoms include rash, fever, and respiratory problems. Contrary to common misconceptions, Mpox can be transmitted through various close-contact means beyond sexual activity. Prevention involves hygiene practices, avoiding contact with infected individuals, and considering the two-dose, free vaccine. The City and County of San Francisco recommends the Mpox vaccine for individuals with known exposure, occupational risks, HIV, men who have sex with men, sex workers, recent STD diagnosis, and those expecting these risks. You should get the second one 28 days after the first dose.

In case of exposure, it is crucial to monitor symptoms, seek vaccination, and undergo testing. Follow healthcare guidance if test result is positive, isolate, cover rashes, maintain hygiene, and notify contacts. Recovery typically takes 2-4 weeks, with pain relief options. Tecovirimat is available for high-risk individuals.

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